Measurement and Decomposition of Multi-Dimensional Poverty in China

Shen Yangyang 1 , Sabina Alkire 2 and Zhan Peng 3
1 School of Economics and Resource Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
2 Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
3 School of Economics, Nanjing University of Finance & Economics, Nanjing, China

Abstract: Based on China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) data and global MPI standard, this paper measures and analyzes multi-dimensional poverty in China. The study finds that the level of multi-dimensional poverty in China is not high and tends to decrease over time. Uneven regional development significantly affects multi-dimensional poverty. The poor are deprived in health, education and other aspects, but indicator contributions vary among specific groups of people. Overlap between economic poverty and multi-dimensional poverty has a trend of inter-temporal reduction. China’s development-centered poverty reduction policy has achieved great results and significantly improved the development capabilities of the poor. Development-oriented approach is China’s important experience in poverty reduction, and forebodes China’s bright prospect of achieving its goal to complete building a moderately prosperous society by 2020.

Keywords: multi-dimensional poverty, economic poverty, decomposition analysis, poverty reduction policy

JEL Classification Codes: I32, P36, P36
DOI:1 0.19602/j .chinaeconomist.2019.5.02

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