China’s Cross-Border E-Commerce: Evolution Pattern and Influencing Factors*

Xie Guo’e (谢国娥) and Li Xueping (李雪平)
School of Business, East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), Shanghai, China

Abstract: In recent years, while the traditional trade sectors have been shrinking, China’s cross-border e-commerce has undergone rapid development and has become a new driver of its international trade. Based on analysis of the evolution pattern of China’s cross-border e-commerce, this paper uses a revised gravity model to test empirically the driving factors and the resistance factors in the development of the country’s cross-border e-commerce. The results show that the total GDP, per capita disposable income of urban residents, total imports and exports, and the scale of the online shopping market have a positive relationship with cross-border e-commerce transactions, which are conducive to the development of cross-border e-commerce, while logistics costs inhibit the development of cross-border e-commerce. Accordingly, the paper puts forward several policy recommendations.

Keywords: cross-border e-commerce, revised gravity model, per capita disposable income of urban residents, influencing factors
JEL Classification Codes: F752
DOI: 1 0.19602/j .chinaeconomist.2020.03.05

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